According to statistics, dandruff causes discomfort to every fifth person on Earth. Is dandruff a disease? Let's figure it out.
The main reason for the appearance of dandruff is the activity of a microscopic fungus called Malassezia Furtur (otherwise Pityrosporum Ovale). This microorganism lives on the skin of the body and head of a person constantly and can not do any harm. But if the function of the sebaceous glands is disturbed, favorable conditions are created for the reproduction of the parasitic fungus, which, feeding on sebum, leads to the appearance of small scales - dandruff. In medicine, this disease is called seborrheic dermatitis.
The causes of seborrhea, and hence the appearance of dandruff, a lot. It can be external adverse effects, environmental pollution, poor hair care, abuse of lacquer, gels, hair dye. Even cold winter weather with insufficient protection of the scalp contributes to the appearance of dandruff.
Internal disorders in the body can also contribute to the emergence of dandruff: hormonal, nervous, immune, infectious diseases, hereditary predisposition, food allergy, inadequate nutrition with a lack of vitamins, stress and overwork.
Dandruff, like seborrhea, is different. With dry scalp, dry dandruff occurs - the scales are small, white-gray in color and slough well. With oily scalp, dandruff has a fatty appearance, a yellowish tinge and is almost never detached from the skin. Such dandruff is called stearic.
Dandruff itself is not a disease, so you do not need to use strong drugs to fight it. Regularly use special shampoos and balms against dandruff, they are effectively fighting this scourge. Be serious about choosing these funds, otherwise there is a risk only to worsen the situation.
Do not forget that the fungus Pityrosporum ovale multiplies intensely only in a greasy environment. Perhaps, your situation will be improved by more frequent washing of the head.
Do not also ignore the grandmother's recipes for home masks, they are recommended even by doctors. Also, massage and aromatherapy will also be useful for healing the scalp.
Qualitative means for dandruff meet the following requirements: eliminate the excess of the fungus Pityrosparum Ovale; slow the renewal of the scalp cells; remove the dead cells from the surface of the skin; improve blood circulation of the skin and hair follicles.
Tar cosmetics for hair (tar soap and shampoo, birch tar, tar oil). These drugs effectively treat dandruff, have anti-inflammatory properties, destroy microbes that damage the scalp. When washing hair regularly use tar tar, dandruff will soon disappear.
Sulsen (paste) . It will help quickly cope with dandruff if its cause is a fungus. The paste is applied to the scalp a thin layer once a week. Duration of treatment - 1-2 months. As a result, the hair will become softer and more voluminous, the curls will get shiny and begin to grow faster.
Clay - cope with dandruff on oily hair. Clay cleanses the scalp from dust, dirt, sea salt, excess sebum, as a result of dandruff ceases to form. Curls become more voluminous and sturdy. Clay is recommended to dilute the herbal decoction (burdock, nettle, calendula) to the consistency of sour cream, if desired, add essential oils. If the hair is dry, dilute the clay with cosmetic oil (olive, burdock). Apply weight to the roots of the hair for 30 minutes 1-2 times a week.
Healing shampoos. According to customers, the most effective result in the fight against dandruff was shown by the following medical shampoos: Nizoral, Dermazol, Sebozol, Bioderma, Sulsena. Their action is aimed at inhibiting the activity of the fungus that causes seborrhea.
Many essential oils have an excellent antifungal and antiseptic effect. The most popular and effective means is tea tree oil . Excellent lavender, patchouli, cedar, eucalyptus, geranium, mint, grapefruit, rosemary, black poplar, mandarin, basil are also excellent help in the fight against dandruff. You can pick up the finished cosmetic products containing these essential oils. But it is better to prepare mixtures for them yourself.
How to use: add 2 drops of any oil to 30 ml of the base, for example, in almond oil or any vegetable and rub into the scalp for 5 minutes. You can add 5 drops of oil to your shampoo against dandruff before every head wash.
It is exceptionally effective for combating dandruff scalp massage. An example of a massage with aromatic oils has already been described above. And also there is another miraculous way of massage - with ordinary table salt (even better - with sea or Himalayan). Salt should be rubbed into the scalp before washing. It turns out such a cleansing peeling, which fights bacteria, removes the horny layer of the skin, removes excess fat and stimulates hair growth.
How to do: massage can be done simply with your fingertips for 5-15 minutes on a dry head or while washing your hair.
With dandruff on oily hair helps to fight lemon, it reduces the production of fat, is a natural antiseptic, stops the development of the fungus that causes dandruff, strengthens the hair. You can simply rub the scalp with lemon juice, diluted half with water. Most likely, the first session will cause unpleasant feelings, so leave it for the first time, as long as you can tolerate it. Gradually, increase the time to 15 minutes. If you have dry skin, lemon juice should be mixed with oils.
Lemon mask with burdock. Mix 2 yolks mixed with the juice of half a lemon, add a teaspoon of burdock or castor oil. To rub for a while before washing hair;
Mask for dry hair: 1 tablespoon of castor and olive oil (you can take sunflower oil) and mix with the juice of half a lemon. Rub for 20-30 minutes before washing hair;
Lemon + olive: 4 tablespoons of olive oil warmed in a water bath, add juice to half a lemon. Rub a warm mixture with your fingertips an hour before washing your hair;
Tincture of nettle is an effective folk remedy for dandruff. 3-5 spoons of chopped herbs pour a glass of water, boil for 10 minutes in a water bath, cool, drain. Rub into the scalp daily.
Nettle with vinegar. Mix 100 grams of finely chopped nettle leaves, half a liter of 6 percent vinegar and half a liter of water, boil this mixture for half an hour. Rinse hair for 10 days;
Lotion from the nettle. 50 grams of dried rhizomes of nettle to grind, pour 1 glass of water, boil over low heat for 10 minutes. Strain, add a half glass of vodka. Daily for 10 days, rub the lotion into the roots of the hair. At this time, hair should not be washed at all;
Apple cider vinegar has long been used as a hair conditioner. It gives hair shine, smoothness, fights with increased fat content. Vinegar will help in the fight against dandruff, suppressing the development of the fungus.
Herbs for dandruff and vinegar. In a glass of warm decoction of medicinal herbs (nettle, burdock, rosemary, sage, chamomile, calendula), add a tablespoon of vinegar and rub the remedy into the roots of the hair after each washing of the head. After 30 minutes rinse with water.
Burdock oil with vinegar. This is a very effective remedy for dandruff. A tablespoon of burdock oil mix with a teaspoon of vinegar and rub into the roots of the hair for 30 minutes. Wash with shampoo. Repeat 1-2 times a week for a month.
Honey lotion with vinegar. In a glass of warm water or a decoction of herbs, stir a tablespoon of honey and a spoonful of vinegar. Rub into the roots of hair for half an hour, rinse with water. The curls will get extra nutrition, will become sturdy and shiny.
1. Eliminate dandruff "home" hair mask, which includes kefir, yolk or beer.
2. Prepare the gruel from the onion. Rub in the scalp, warm your head with polyethylene and a towel. After 2 hours, wash the hair with shampoo;
3. Mix 1 tablespoon of onion juice, 2 tablespoons of vodka and 1 tablespoon of castor oil. To rub for 1 hour before washing hair;
4. Mask for oily hair: mix in equal amounts honey, sour cream or mayonnaise, aloe juice, lemon juice, castor oil, add two cloves of mashed garlic. Rub for half an hour before washing hair;
5. Mix the chemist's tincture of calendula and castor oil 1 to 1. Rub 1 hour before washing hair;
Hop cones. Pour 1 cup cones of hop into 1 liter of water, bring to a boil, then remove from heat, close the lid, let it brew for 1 hour. To apply for washing hair;
Chamomile. 2 tablespoons chamomile inflorescences pour 1 liter of water, boil for 5 minutes, drain. Wash your hair for at least 2 weeks. However, note that this procedure will give a golden hue to the blond hair.
Burdock root. 1 tablespoon chopped burdock roots pour 1 cup of any oil, better refined, mix. Infuse 2 weeks in a dark place at room temperature, drain. To rub for 1 hour before washing hair not more often 2-3 times a week, an effective folk remedy for dandruff;
Calendula. Alcoholic tincture of calendula is useful for dandruff on oily hair, as well as with hair loss. Dilute the tincture with water or oil in a 1: 1 ratio. Thoroughly lubricate her scalp, wrap the towel for 30 minutes, then rinse with warm water;
Soda is often used to cleanse (peel) the scalp. It exfoliates the keratinized particles, dissolves the stale dirt, grease, particles of dust, suppresses the development of dandruff. Attention: the mask with soda should be kept on the head for no more than 5 minutes, so as not to damage the skin. Here are a few recipes.
Soda with herbs for oily hair 50 ml of broth of medicinal herbs mixed with 4 teaspoons of soda. Blend the mixture into the scalp for 2-5 minutes, then rinse thoroughly with water or shampoo.
Soda with oils for dry hair A tablespoon of soda mixed with a spoon of any vegetable oil or Vaseline. Blend the mixture into the scalp and rinse immediately.
Soda-salt peeling Mix the soda and salt in equal amounts and massage the mixture with the scalp for several minutes, then wash the head with shampoo.
Oily dandruff often appears with increased fatty scalp. In folk medicine, there are effective therapeutic masks that regulate the work of the sebaceous glands and quickly eliminate dandruff.